Scientific Sessions

Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology to the prevention and also a treatment of disease in the human body. This evolving discipline has the potential to dramatically change in the medical science. The most advanced nanomedicine involves the use of Nanorobots as miniature surgeons. Nanomachines might replicate themselves, or correct genetic deficiencies by altering or replacing DNA  molecules. Nanomedicine may be defined as the monitoring, repair, construction, and control of human biological systems at the molecular level, using engineered nanodevices and nanostructures.

Nano toxicology represents the study of the toxicity of nano materials because of the quantum size effects and large surface area to volume ratio, nanomaterials have unique properties compared with their larger counterparts. Nanotoxicological studies are intended to determine whether and to what extent these properties may pose a threat to the environment and to human beings. Nano toxicology is a sub-specialty of particle toxicology. It defines the toxicology of nanoparticles  which appear to have toxic effects that are unusual and not seen with larger particles 

The terms Nanobiotechnology, bio-nano technology, and nanobiology are referred to the intersection of the nanotechnology and biology. Biologically inspired nanotechnology uses biological systems as the inspirations for technologies not yet created. However, with the help of nanotechnology and biotechnology, bionano technology does have many potential ethical issues associated with it. This discipline helps to indicate the merger of biological research with various fields of nanotechnology. The most important objectives that are frequently found in the nanobiology that involves for applying nanotools to relevant medical/biological problems and refining these applications. 

Nanomaterials are characterized as the materials with no less than one outside measurement in the size extent that ranging from  1-100 nanometers. Nanoparticles are the items with each of three outside measurements at the nanoscale. Nanomaterials might depend more on the surface region than the molecule arrangement itself.  Nanoparticles that are normally happening or are the accidental side effects of the ignition procedures that are generally physically and the synthetically heterogeneous and frequently termed ultrafine particles. Nanoparticles are delivered and planned with the particular properties identified with shape, size, science and surface properties. 

It is very fast-growing scientific area In this era which is used to create, repair, and/or replace cells, tissues, and organs.Tissue engineering helps to produce materials which very much resemble to body's native tissue/tissues.Current therapies got revolutionized and life quality of several million patients got improved from these tissue engineering. It is a connection between engineering materials science, medicine, and biology. Nanotechnology can be used to create nanofibers, nanopatterns and controlled-release nanoparticles with the help of  applications in tissue engineering, for mimicking native tissues since biomaterials to be engineered is of nanometer size like extracellular fluids, bone marrow, cardiac tissues etc

Nanometrology is a subtopic of metrology, concerned with the science of measurement at the nanoscale level.It has a crucial role in order to produce nanomaterials and devices with a high degree of accuracy and reliability in nanomanufacturing.The challenge of this field is to develop or create new measurement techniques and standards to meet the needs of next-generation advanced manufacturing, which will rely on nanometer scale materials and technologies.Nanotribology is the branch of tribology that studies friction, wear, adhesion and lubrication phenomena at the nanoscale, where atomic interactions and quantum effects are not negligible. The aim of this tribology is characterizing and modifying surfaces for both scientific and technological purposes.

DNA (DeoxyriboNucleic Acid) is a molecule which carries the inheritable genetic information, a blueprint for each living organism. Double stranded DNA is a combination of two antiparallel polymers, strands, built of mutually weakly bonded monomers, DNA nucleotides, each made of sugar-phosphate backbones to which is attached DNA bases. DNA consist of four types of the base molecules, adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C) and thymine (T). DNA has a large importance in biotechnology and in forensic sciences. DNA sequencing technology development is a collective effort which integrates biology, chemistry, physics and engineering.  DNA is Particularly interesting in the perspective of physics-based methods

Graphene is a disruptive technology, one that could open up new markets and even replace existing technologies or materials. when graphene is used both as an improvement to an existing material and in a transformational capacity that its true potential could be realized.It has the properties that they are lightest and strongest material, that means that it can be integrated into a huge number of applications.Graphene was artificially produced in the first time, the scientists literally took a piece of graphite and dissected it layer by layer until only 1 single layer remains. This process is known as mechanical exfoliation.

Over the past few decades, the fields of science and engineering have been seeking to develop new and improved types of energy technologies that have the capability of improving life all over the world. In order to make the next leap forward from the current generation of technology, scientists and engineers have been developing energy applications of nanotechnology.An important subfield of nanotechnology-related to energy is nanofabrication. Nanofabrication is the process of designing and creating devices on the nanoscale.  Creating devices smaller than 100 nanometers opens many doors for the development of new ways to capture, store, and transfer energy. 

Nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize the agricultural and food industry with new tools for the molecular treatment of diseases, rapid disease detection, enhancing the ability of plants to absorb nutrients etc. Smart sensors and smart delivery systems will help the agricultural industry combat viruses. Nanotechnology has been described as the new industrial revolution and both developed and developing countries are investing in this technology to secure a market share. An agricultural methodology widely used in the USA, Europe and Japan, which efficiently utilizes modern technology for crop management, is called Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA). CEA is an advanced and intensive form of hydroponically-based agriculture.

The term nanoparticle refers to inorganic materials and it is not applied to individual molecules. Nanoparticles are of great scientific interest as they are, in effect, a bridge between bulk materials and atomic or molecular structures. Nanoparticles provide a tremendous driving force for diffusion, especially at elevated temperatures. In nanotechnology, a particle is defined as a small object that behaves as a whole unit with respect to its transport and properties. As per the scientific research on nanoparticles, they have many potential applications in medicine, physics, optics, and electronics. The U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative offers government funding focused on nanoparticle research. 

Nanorobotics is an emanate technology field which is used to create robots and machines whose components are near the scale of a nanometer which equals to 10−9 meters. Nanorobotics refers to the still largely nanotechnology engineering discipline of designing and building nanorobots. These are the devices ranging from 0.1–10 micrometers and these are constructed of nanoscale or molecular components. Robot which allows precision interactions with nanoscale objects, or can manipulate with nanoscale resolution is the another definition for robotics

Nanomagnetics and spintronics utilize magnetism or spin to provide new ways to store and process information. Nanomagnetics are based on mainly magnetic interactions between nanomagnets and spintronics is primarily associated with the utilization of spin-polarized currents in memory and logic devices. Both Nanomagnetism and Spintronics Group focuses on experimental studies of magnetic, spin-transport and magneto-optical phenomena in new functional materials and hybrid nanoscale structures. Nanomagnetic and spintronic computing devices are strong contenders for future replacements of CMO

The environment impact of nanotechnology extends to fields such as engineering, communications, chemistry, material science, andbiologyfrom its medical, ethical, legal and applications of the environment. The benefits of the environmental impact of nanotechnology include improved manufacturing methods, regulation of nanotechnology, risks of nanotechnology, nanotechnology in ozone depletion, nutrition large-scale infrastructure auto-fabrication and good environment. Nanotechnology's reduced size may allow for automation of tasks which were previously inaccessible due to physical restrictions, which in turn may reduce land or maintenance requirements placed on humans.

In nature, several functional nano topographies have been identified. particular surfaces like lotus leaf have been understood to apply nano scale textures for biotic processes as self-cleaning.Bio-mimetic applications of this discovery have since arrived in consumer products. In 2012, it was recognized that nano-topography in nature are also used for antibiotic purposes. The cicada’s wing, the surface of which is covered in nanoscale pillars, induces lysis of bacteria. While the nano-pillars were not observed to prevent cell adherence, they acted mechanically to stretch microbial membranes to breakage. In vitro testing of the cicada wing demonstrated its efficiency against a no of bacterial strains. refers to specific surface features which are generated at the nanoscopic scale. While the term nano-topography can be used to describe a large range of applications, ranging from integrated circuits to microfluidics, during practice it typically applied to sub-micron textured surfaces as used in biomaterial research.